Once a vast expanse of open prairie, the area around Greenfield was first settled in 1854.
The state of Iowa was opened to settlers in 1832, but by mid-century, the plains of this area were still foreign to all but a few nomadic Native Americans. Here, the Indians hunted and lived among elk, red deer, buffalo, beaver, mink and an occasional black bear.
Thomas Hodgeson and a man named Hillin were the first to construct pole cabins on the site that would become Greenfield. Neither man owned the land where they settled. That was sold to David Lamb on May 25, 1855 by the State of Iowa. The land was purchased by Milton C. Munger in 1856, who engaged the services of county surveyor D.M. Valentine to plat a town and Greenfield was born.
In 1995, Greenfield became affiliated with the Main Street Iowa program and became a Main Street community. The organization offers consultation and expertise in preserving and rejuvenating the downtown area.
The 21st Century has seen a surge of rejuvenation with the downtown streetscape, Hotel Greenfield, Warren Cultural Center, Adair County Health System and a new Adair County Law Enforcement Center that replaces the 1903 jail.
Building on its rich history of resourceful enterprise and community, Greenfield looks forward to the future as the place to be – for Life. for Business. for Fun.